ɡ þ!

 

Ψ, : . Ƣ

 

 

ɢ á øŢ þ. Ȣ š â, Ģ ǡ ¢ ¢ ɡ . Ģ , Ũ á ɦ ŢŢ ɢ Ũĸ, !

 

1876- âʉ , øŢ þ , ¡ 쾢 ¢ ;  ɡ. 츨 ... ... ¨ Ȣ ɡ.

 

է (øŢ¢ ) ţ .. ؾ ... ȡ Ȣ 1929- ؾ ⢠.

 

Ш¢ á ¢ Ţ Ҹá þ š, .. Ţ źá. þ .. 즸. ɡǢ ġ, ¡ŧ , Ǩ¡á š .. á ɢ þ Ǣ â ̾. ¡ ¢ ¢ Ţġ и Ǣ ¡ .. á Ȣ§ çҾ, ɢŢ Ȣ .

 

øŢ¢ Ҹ , ..Ţ-¢ Ƀ ŨĨ ȢŢ ɢ . Ǣ , ġ ġ, ͧġɡ ɢŢ ؾ, Ļɡ츢 .

 

 

øŢ Ţ. , . Ӿ Ţ Ǹ, Ţ ɢ . øŢ¢ Ƣ , , 측 š Ӹ, Êž (øŢ¢ ) ¢ Ǹ .

 

, , ո â, ڸ . šǢ ɢ ¢ġ â ɢ. Ţ Ƣ ĸ Ļ ȢӸ , Ҿ Ǣ ȢӸ , ¢ ź츢ȡ.

 

, Ƣ. ɢ , ڸ Ţ, ǻ ¢ , ŢŢ 측 . ̾Ò , Ţ 츢 ơ ոȡ.

 

þ ɡ ո, 򾡾 . ġ , š ո, 墨 Ƹ þ Ȣ 츢ȡ!

 

ɡʧ ɡ â ¡, þ Ȣ Ž 츢ȡ. , Ǣ Ǣ ! ¢ Ӿ 츽측 Ģ Ƹ, þ â Ž θȡ ո.

 

Ǣ 󧾧 Ǣɒ ؾ, 򾡧 ¢츢ȡ. ..Ţ. Ǣ¢ , ɢ . Ģ츢. , ġ ¡ ţ ڸټ . þ š â Ǣ , øŢ¢ â Ǣ š . 󾾢 Ȣ Ģ . ʸǢ Ƣ , Ө ¢ ƢŢ ŢǢ 츢. â , ɢ ġ â Ž ... ȡ ո.

 

øŢ¢ á ġ (Ţǡ) ɡ, Ĩ н 츢ȡ. θ Ȣ즸츢. ܨ â ƨ 츢 øŢ þ ţ. ţ â, øŢ¢ .

 

ŧ¡, Ţ ǧ¡ ¡ 측 , 츢. , ¾ Ψ¡ . Ũ ׼ . Ш տâ øġ ʧ¡ ާ, ɢ . Ȣ , ռ ġ Ţ. Ҹ 򾡧 Ţ, ŦȨ Ţ. ţ Ţ š 츢. š, ھ Ũ š ŢΧ... ȡ .

 

ġ Ļ . øŢ¢ ţ øŢ¢ 󾾢Ǣ .

 

The above article is from Anandha Vikatan: http://www.vikatan.com/av/2003/feb/02022003/av0205.shtml

 

From the Old Songs thread:

  • From: RV (@ 1cust34.tnt2.sfo2.da.uu.net) on: Fri Jun 19 22:28:19 EDT 1998


Has anyone heard this song ?


"Kadar Chakra Kodi Thonudhe
Karam Chandra Mohana Das Gandhiyin Vazhiyinile
Kadar Chakra Kodi Thonudhe"

I beleive this was written by someone called Bhaskaradas. I remember hearing this song in a program presented by AP Nagarajan in radio. I dont know whether this is a song for the stage or whether it was in a movie. Can anyone throw some light on this ?

  • From: Sathiya Keerthi (@ panorama.nus.edu.sg) on: Sun Jun 21 00:02:20 EDT 1998


RV:

I don't know about the song that you mentioned.
It could be just a stage song. If you haven't
known: Bhaskaradas is the first Lyricist of
TFM
. The first song of TFM,

indhiyargaL nammavarkkuL EnO veeN saNdai
indhiyarai nammavarai vandhavargaL aatchi seyya
thandhira ubaayam namadhu suyasaNdaiyE

was written by him for the movie, 'Kalidas'
(in 1931, I think); it was sung by T.B.Rajalakshmi.

Bhaskaradas was well-known for his 'dEsabhakthi'
paadalgaL. 1915-il Gandhiji Madurai vandhirundhaar.
oru podhuk koottaththil GandhiyO parama Ezhai
sanniyaasi
endra paadalai oruvar paadinaar.
Gandhijiyum adhai rasiththaar. (For those who
don't know, Gandhi had learnt Tamil reasonably
well while in South Africa.) Paadalai rasiththu
vittu Gandhiji, 'yaar ezhudhiyadhu' endru kEtka,
pakkaththilirundha Sudhdhaanandha Bharathiyaar,
'namma Bhaskardas' ezhudhiyadhu endru sonnaar.

'hum kO Bhaskardas sanyaaS banaayaa' endru solli
siriththaaraam Gandhi.

 

  • From: RV (@ 1cust154.tnt2.sfo2.da.uu.net) on: Sun Jun 21 00:13:40 EDT 1998


Sathiya Keerthi:
I had no idea about Bhaskara Das being the first lyricist in TFM. ;-)

The program was APN introducing certain Desabhakthi songs that were popular during the freedom struggle. I am reasonably positive that all these songs were sung on stage. I dont know whether any of them ever made it to TFM. All I remember is this one and another song sung by somebody called Saabjaan about Bhagat Singh.

I am very surprised at the lyrics in Kalidas in 1931 though. How did the censor board that must hv been dominated by Anglophiles let such a lyric go into the movie ?

 

  • From: Sathiya Keerthi (@ panorama.nus.edu.sg) on: Sun Jun 21 00:31:05 EDT 1998


RV:

You are dead right about the English censoring.
Now, it seems Bhaskaradas wrote the 'dEsabhakthi'
songs, typically in 'puraaNa' movies such as
'Kalidas', 'vaLLi thirumaNam' etc. Let me give
two instances from the movie 'vaLLi thirumaNam':

For a scene where vaLLi chases away birds, our man
Bhaskardas wrote...

vetkamketta veLLai kokkugaLaa
viratti adiththaalum vaareegaLaa

Then, maaRuvEdaththil vaLayal vitrukkoNdu varum
Murugan paadum paadalil Bhaskardas ezhudhiyadhu...

vaLaiyal vaangalaiyO ammammaa
vaLaiyal vaangalaiyO - oru
maasillaadha indhu swadhEshi vaLaiyal

 

  • From: RV (@ 1cust88.tnt2.sfo2.da.uu.net) on: Sun Jun 21 14:11:58 EDT 1998


SK: That was a nice one. Could you give some more info on Bhaskara Das ? Seems to be a very interesting pioneer.

 

  • From: Sathiya Keerthi (@ panorama.nus.edu.sg) on: Mon Jun 22 02:36:24 EDT 1998




I am giving info from a book on TFM Lyricists.


Bhaskardas 1892-il Madurai-yil piRandhavar. adhiga padippillai.
thamizhil mattum konjam pulamai. yaaridaththum pOi kavidhai
kaRkavillai. aanaal 16 vayadhinilEyE paadal punaiya aarambiththu
vittaar. iLamaiyil bhakthip paadalgaLaiyE punaiya aarambiththaar.
pinnaar dhEsiya iyakkaththin baadhippaal vidudhalaip paadalgaLaip
paadi veeraraanaar. naadagangaLil ivaradhu paadalgaL muzhangina.
1915-il ivaradhu mudhal paadal thogudhi, 'Bhakthirasa keerththanaigaL'
endra peyaril veLi vandhadhu.
Bharathikkup piRagu migudhiyaaga
dhEsabhakthip paadalgaLaip paadiyavar ivar.


naadaga mEdaigaLil ivaradhu paadalgaL pEridam petrana. 'dhEsa bhakthiyE
mukthiyaam, dheiva sakthiyaam' endra paadalai thaan paadiyapOdhu
sabaiyOr uNarchchivasap pattu 'Mahathma Gandhi-kku jE!' endru gOsham
ittadhaaga avvai shaNmugam kooRuvaar. avvaLavu uNarchchi ivaradhu
paadalgaLil!

Thamizhil vandha mudhal padamaana 'Kalidas'-ilum (1931), 'vaLLi
thirumaNam' (1933) padaththilum Bhaskardas paadalgaL ezhudhinaar.

(I have already mentioned these earlier.) 1934-il 'Shakunthala'-vil
ivaradhu paadalai T.S.Velammal 'lOkamaathaa BharathadhEvi nee vaa
ennai kaaNa vaa' endru paadinaar.
1937-il 'Devadas' padaththil
kudiyin siRappai,

dhaaga saanthi aaga neerum dhayavu koorndhE arundhuveer
snEga bhaavam meeRavE seydhidu maa madhu bhaanamE
sakthiyidhanaal thaanE varumE dhairya veeryam naaLum tharumE

endru viLakkinaar.


1935-il Bojarajan, Radha Kalyanam, Sathi Akalya aagiya padangaLukku
paadalgaL ezhudhinaar. avatril, 'purushargaLai nambalaamaa? veRum
pOkkum pugalum solli poovarai mayakkum', matrum 'ennaiyE nambinOrgaL
igazhchchiyE koLLa maattaar' endra paadalgaL prabalam. idhupOl,
'poongaavanamenum pudhumalar chOlai' endrum 'vaaliba kaalam pOla
adhu anukoolam vaaykkumO' endru 'Sathi Akalya'vil prasiththam.

1936-il 'Chandrahasan' padaththil 'paavai en manam patri eriyudhadi'
endrum, 'Usha Kalyanam' padaththil 'silaimaaran pazhikaaran',
'konjum kiLi payilvaay kiLiyE' endrum paadalgaL ezhudhinaar.

'Rajasekaran' endra padaththil dhEsa bhakthiyaiyum dheiva bhakthiyaiyum
viLakki paadal ezhudhinaar.
Hindi paadagar Saigal 'Devadas' padaththil
ivaradhu paadalai paadi prabalap paduththinaar.
'madhanaa un kaNaiyaal'
endra paadal prasiththam. ivaradhu paadalil eLiya soRkaL, Osai nayam,
iniya sandham aagiyavai uLLana. sevikku maduramaaga irundhadhaal ivar
'Madhura Bhaskaradas' aanaar. ivaradhu iyaRpeyar Vellaichamy. ivaradhu
veettin peyar Thamizhagam.

Thamizh thirai isaikku 11 aaNdugaL paattezhudhiya Madhura Bhaskaradas
1942-il maRaindhaar.

From Aaramthinai: http://archives.aaraamthinai.com/kalai/nadagam/mar01_bhaskaradoss.asp

øŢ þ

 

. ո

 

â ׸Ǣ þ

 

'š Ǣ¢ â Ÿ , 쾢¡ ; ȡ šɢ â Ǩ Ţâ' þ Ǣ Ǣ ǡ, Ǣ 츨 Ţ Ȣ ġ.

 

þ Ţ, ¨, , ɡ š Ǣ Ţâ . š  ; â ǡ źâ. Ţξ , ĸ, ý, 측 ɸǢ ҸǢ Ţ 츢 Ǣ Ƣ¡ ţ Ǣ.

 

ġ ׸ ĦǢ Ǣ 츽측 ĻǢ θ, ׸ Ǣ ̾Ǣ . Ţξ á ׸ ĻǢ θ Ƣ¡ Ȣ ʸ. šŢ ǡ ǡ š¢ ¢ Ļ Ƣ¡ Ũ¢ Ţθȡ. -ġ Ǣ á ƨ, Ƣ¡ â , ¡ Ÿ ¢. , , á, ʦ Ţâ ĻǢ Ƣ¡ ġ Ȣ .

 

Ǣ Ţξ  Ũ¢ ʸ á ,  , -Ţ 츣θ . Ÿ ʸ , , Өȸ . ¡ â ̸Ǣ øŢ þ Ļɢ θ â. š Ȣ¢ ƨ, Ţ¢ ը, ɢǢ ſ쨸 Ţ Ө¢ Ө¢ Ҹǡ ¢츢ȡ. Ţξ á Ţ ɢ š Ҿ ¢ ̸ ţ .

 

.. Ţſ, , ¡ ž, ž, , . . ħŽ, , .. 츢 쨸 ʸ-ʨ þ ¢ ¢ . է¢ . , Ţξ, ﺡ Φ, ¢ ¡, ţ 측 ɾ ţ . Ǣ þ â Ţ째Ȣɡ. ¢ ǡǢ էšǢ ɡ þ ¡ š 츢. Ũ '즸 þ' 츢 . â ؾ þ Ҹ Ǣ Ȣ ¢.

 

þ š쨸 ¡

 

'Ţξ á Ţ 򦾡 ȡ ھ ġ ¡, Ţ . 󿢨¢ , , Ţ , ĸ, Ƹ , ǡ, 츨 Ţξ á 츢 . 츨 ħ, ĸ Ţξ . 측Ǣ ¢ ġ Ţξ â Ƣ¡, Ƣ¡ .

 

Ģ զĢ ̾Ǣ Ţ þ, ..., šﺢ, š, ... Ţξ â - . Ǣ Ţ զĢ , Ţǡ ָ, ġ Ǣš á 1892- 6- þ . ȡ , ǡ¢. þ Ǣ . Ũ ġ þ, ¢ á Ш 측 Ţ ǡ š. 측ǡ ʼ Ũ ¢ ǡ , Ȣ , .

 

þ ¾ ʼ Ũ ո츼 Ȣ, '' ! Ţ '' ɾ þ ¢ Ģǡ. ɧ Ţ ž ؾ á. Ǩ¢ ɸ á , ָ, ӉȢ ռ . Ê ¡.

 

ɸ þ ¢. ɸ ¡ θȡ. þ ȡǢ ҾĢȢ ȡ. . 񼨾 θ Ũ ȡ â¡ħ þ. 츢 ȡ â ո. ȡ иȡ. ţ , Ţ Ţܼ Ȣ þ 츢. ¢, þ, ţ ܼ , Ө , šâ Φ ź Ȣ 񨼨 ȡ. þ . '' Ţ Ũ š '' ھ ڸȡ. Ţ ŧá ţ иȡ. ȡ .

 

Ţ Ǣ þ Ţ â¢ âŢ, šš Ҿ âŢ , , â ܼ Ȣ þ š̸ȡ. 1933- Ȣ '' ţ š Ţ , 󨾸 á¡ â¡ , ¡ǡ . 6.30 󧾡'' (Ȣ 8.9.1933) ؾǡ. Ǣ ¢ ź ¾ħ ɡ. Ţ . Ţ Ǹ, Ǹ.

 

¡¡ !

 

¾ħ ž, ž Ȣ . Ţ Ш Ш¡¢ á , Ǣ ¢ Ţ¡Ȩ Ҹм Ũ , ¢ á, þ ¨ ɡ. ɢ ⨠Ȣ. ɨ Ȣ.

 

á þ Ţ¡Ȩ Ҹ , â¡ ǡ. Ţ . Ţ ġ ո . , Ţ ǡ. '¡' . š θ. էš á ç. 𼺡 ǻ á Ţ Ȣ ǡ. ɡ, ҉ á â¡Լ çǡ ȢҸ Ȣ ʸ. Ļ, ú, ú ħá 츢 Ȩ ȢҸǢ ǡ.

 

󿡨 .. á Ш Ũ Ȣ ¡ þ, â š š Ţ ؾ Ǩ Ȣ Ȣǡ. á . Ш ġ Ũ 򾨾, ؾ 򾨾, 񼨾 Ȣ ڸȡ. ¢ .. 츢 ǡ ȧ ׼ . .š ̸ȡ. (5.8.1934). šШ á , .. Չ, Ţξ á . áĢ , 츢 ǡ ʾ ǡ. Ө 츢 ţ Ţ ¡ â¡ Ǩ Ȣ ǡ. ӾĢ¡, .. Ӹ Ļǡ, 'ž' ̿ ʸ .Ţ. á׼, . .. ǡ 츢 Ȩ Ȣǡ Ȣ ǡ. .. Ţſ Ģ þ ʾ '' â Ȣ ؾǡ.

 

1944- Ģ Ƣ á . ¡á Ȣ ʸ.  ʨ .. ħŽ þ Ţ ħŽ, ؾ ʾ Ƣ Ȣ ʸ. ʾ Ţ Ţ Ȣ. .. , ؾ ʾ Ǣθ. ¢Ģ, þ ؾ ..Ţ ը ʾ ը šŢ Ĩ ڸ. þ ħ 𼧾, ӾӾġ þ 츨 ǡ â. þ Ǣ Ǣ , . .. ĸՉ ɡâ  âʉ ú Ţ , þ Ш¢ š šǡ.

 

¢Ģ Ш ¢Ģ Ȣɡ. 󾢃 Ȣ¢ ¢ ¢ á Ƣ . þ ¢ â Ȣ Ǣǡ. Ģ Ǣ '󾢧¡ ¡' . 측 . 󾢃¢ ը . .. á Ţ츢ɡ. ' ¡ ɡ¡' ¡¡츢Ţ Ȣ â. ¡ â Ţ.

 

øŢ¢ :

 

1931- ɢ š쨸¢ Ţâ Ȣ ú ̸ Ǣ . Ӿ 򾢧ħ 쾢 úá 츨 Ш Ĩ Ȣ. þ 1931- 짼 31- 'Ǣ' Ӿ , , 'Ǣ' Ӹ θ. ̿ §á, ġâ §á Ţ. θ.

 

á

â

ͧ (á)

 

. Ģ ̾ ħ ؾ ⨠ʸ ȡ á½.

 

ţ ţ

¡ Χ

Χ

''

Χ

 

θ. Ǣ Ģ ھ¢ ¨ (򾢨) .

 

, þ ؾ¢ ʸ. 1933- 'Ǣ ' ؾǡ.

 

'ġ ġ ġ

Ǿâ ġħ

̸ǡ

Ţ šâǡ!'

 

Ĩ¢ġ . ͧ Ģ  . Ģ ھ¢

 

ɢ

Ө ţ

ɢ Ө

 

'Ǣ ' ؾ øŢ þ Ȣ ʸ. , þ Æġ, ͧġɡ, 1934 ' žá', ; 츢 'áՉ' ؾ 򾨾 ȢҸǢ ŧ, â ' ¡' , 1936 'á' , á áâ 츢¡â 'á ' , á, á, ¡, Æ, á ¡ ŧ ʨ ʸ Ģ 򾨾 ȢҸǢ Ţ Ȣǡ.

 

Ǣ ؾ þ Ǣ ¢  úá ͧ ڸȡ. þ Ţ¢ , 쾢, 츨 Ȣ ǡ. ؾ ŢŢ¢ ʸ.

 

ġ ׸Ǣ þ Ҹ :

 

þ Ǣ Ţξ Ӿ Ÿ츢. Ш¡ , , Ģ šġ Φ, â , , , , ġ , ĸ, , ġġ ăá, .. ɢ, ǧá, Ģ , Ţ , , ǡŢ, , , ç, Ţ, ŢŸ, ..., þ, .Ţ.., , š θ Ȣ Ǣ Шǡ.

 

Ţâš Ǣ ; , 츨 , ġ Ȣ ġŢ ¡ Ļ ġ. ȢȢ š þ ú ӨȨ ﺡ Ţξ á ǡ ɡ. Ƹ, , , , ¡ Ȣ. ġ 츢 Ţξ , Ǣ, ĻǢ Χ ̾ â , ø âġ Ǣ øŢ þ.